Tuesday, May 30, 2023

Accelerating Knowledge Innovation: Systematic Review of Reviews on ChatGPT

In the beginning was the Word. It was used in the creation of all other things - from thoughts to stories and histories. However, as the amount of information available grew overwhelming, it became challenging to process and make sense of it all. Early academic reformers introduced the idea of reviews and digests to help navigate this sea of information. But it wasn't until the 1970s that systematic reviews gained popularity, starting in the field of medical research.

Reviews play a crucial role in consolidating a vast array of studies and publications, allowing researchers to weave together the threads of evidence and create a cohesive and informative narrative. However, traditional review processes often require substantial time and the collaboration of multiple researchers to reach a consensus. With the advent of ChatGPT, the power of language can be harnessed to streamline the systematic review process, unlocking new possibilities for learning and knowledge acquisition. By leveraging the capabilities of ChatGPT, researchers can potentially accelerate the production of high-quality reviews, facilitating the dissemination of insights and advancements in various fields of study.

The use of ChatGPT in conducting a systematic review of reviews on ChatGPT itself demonstrates the potential for accelerating the production of high-quality reviews in a timely manner. ChatGPT can assist in filtering relevant literature, extracting key information, summarizing findings, and even with the synthesis of the overall review, enabling a more efficient and comprehensive analysis.

The new paper illustrates that ChatGPT is expanding into different domains and highlights the need to continually refine and expand the training datasets, ensuring that they are diverse and accurate. Another area of improvement involves developing customized integrations, designing specialized prompt instructions and involvement of domain-specific expert trainers, factual correctness evaluation, and investigation of societal impact.  

Word by word, paper by paper, and review by review, ChatGPT is paving the way for a future where knowledge creation is accelerated, insights are amplified, and breakthroughs are within closer reach.


Gabashvili I.S. The impact and applications of ChatGPT: a systematic review of literature reviews. Submitted on May 8, 2023. arXiv:2305.18086 [cs.CY]

Tuesday, May 9, 2023

Depression AI

Wearable AI is a promising tool for depression detection and prediction although it is in its infancy and not yet ready for use in clinical practice - as concluded in a recent review. AI can be also used therapeutically

Research has shown that interacting with technology, such as chatbots, can lead to feelings of social connection and companionship, which can have both positive and negative effects on mental well-being. Chatbots have become increasingly popular in mental health domain because of their impact on social interactions and the ability to form and maintain meaningful relationships. They are effective in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression, although there is always a risk that they may exacerbate mental health issues. 

One of the main benefits of chatbots is their ability to provide low-cost and easily accessible mental health counseling. ChatGPT studies show that its potential for depression detection and treatment should be further explored, while addressing the challenges and ethical considerations. ChatGPT outperforms traditional neural network methods but still has a significant gap with advanced task-specific methods. 

In the US, one in five individuals is affected by mental health issues each year, with recreational cannabis use increasing the risk. Intelligent wearables utilize over 30 types of data to predict depression, with physical activity, sleep, heart rate, and mental health measures being the most commonly used. The Depresjon dataset (motor activity recordings of 23 unipolar and bipolar depressed patients and 32 healthy controls) is most popular among researchers.

Previous systematic reviews have shown that AI has better performance in detecting patients without depression than those with depression, but the review published last week shows slightly higher sensitivity and specificity - based on data from wearable devices. It is recommended that tech companies develop wearable devices that can detect and predict depression in real-time. Neuroimaging data in addition to wearable devices would provide even higher diagnostic performance.

With the increasing popularity of IoT and AI, they will likely become an integral part of our lives It may soon become a useful tool in clinical practice.


Abd-Alrazaq A, AlSaad R, Shuweihdi F, Ahmed A, Aziz S, Sheikh J. Systematic review and meta-analysis of performance of wearable artificial intelligence in detecting and predicting depression. NPJ Digit Med. 2023 May 5;6(1):84. doi: 10.1038/s41746-023-00828-5. PMID: 37147384.

Garcia-Ceja E, Riegler M, Jakobsen P, Tørresen J, Nordgreen T, Oedegaard KJ, Fasmer OB. Depresjon: a motor activity database of depression episodes in unipolar and bipolar patients. In Proceedings of the 9th ACM multimedia systems conference 2018 Jun 12 (pp. 472-477).

Lamichhane B. Evaluation of ChatGPT for NLP-based Mental Health Applications. arXiv preprint arXiv:2303.15727. 2023 Mar 28. 

Yang K, Ji S, Zhang T, Xie Q, Ananiadou S. On the Evaluations of ChatGPT and Emotion-enhanced Prompting for Mental Health Analysis. arXiv preprint arXiv:2304.03347. 2023 Apr 6.

Dana RA, Gavril RA. Exploring the psychological implications of ChatGPT: a qualitative study. Journal Plus Education. 2023 May 1;32(1):43-55.

Saturday, April 1, 2023

From Laughs to Inspiration: April Fool's 2023

April Fool's jokes provide us with a unique opportunity to exercise our imagination and step out of our everyday reality. Though some of these jokes may never come to fruition while others might, they allow us to envision a slightly different world and have a good laugh.

This year, we can even laugh together with AI. Let's start from ChatGPT's ideas for April Fool's products:  

"Microsoft Office for Dogs" - a suite of productivity tools designed specifically for dogs, including "Excel for Fetching," "Word for Barking," and "PowerPoint for Begging." 

"Jambé Pong" - A game that combines the musical elements of the Jambé with the classic game of beer pong. The Jambé Pong set comes with a special set of Jambé balls that you use to play the game, and every time you sink a ball, the Jambé plays a different sound effect.

Bing suggests more products: 

Apple iFridge: A smart fridge that only stores items made by Apple.

Google Gulp: A drink that claims to optimize your use of the Google search engine by increasing your intelligence.

Here is another product described for google by you.com: 

Google: GooGoo Glasses, smart glasses that automatically detect when you've had too much sugar and remind you to eat healthier snacks.

You.com also mentioned the following offerings from other tech companies:

Twitter: TwitHire, a service that helps you find the perfect candidate for your startup by analyzing their tweets for the right combination of wit, humor, and experience.

Netflix: NetFix, a feature that automatically skips to the happy ending of all sad movies, sparing you from the emotional trauma.

Dropbox: DropZone, a cloud storage service that uses drones to deliver your files directly to your desktop.

Perplexity.ai offered Facebook Friend Insurance: Worried about losing a friend on Facebook? With Facebook Friend Insurance, you can protect your friendships from unfriending, blocking, or even ghosting. Get peace of mind knowing your friendships are secure.

Google has had many great April Fool's announcements over the years. One of the best was in 2014 - a new service called "Google Nose" allowing users to smell things online. When asked about possible upgrades to this product, Bard mentioned the ability to create custom smells specific to users' interests and the ability to share them and use smells to communicate with each other. 

Bard also described a new feature for Gmail that would allow users to send emails to people at any date in the past. The feature, called "Time Travel," was said to be powered by artificial intelligence.

Bard also announced a new vaccine that would protect people from getting sick from April Fools' Day jokes. It will be manufactured by Pfizer, Moderna and J&J.

While AI-suggested April Fool's products are creative and amusing, the real announcements made today by companies, though not involving cutting-edge technology, were just as funny and witty.

When they were released in the 1980s, Chicken McNuggets genuinely revolutionized the way all fast restaurant chicken was served, making them the industry's living legend. The Big McNugget Boot, a new seasonal must-have item from McDonald's, is based on one of their most well-liked products. The April 1 2023 tweet from the company said "Calling all fashionista. We’ve got the must have drop of the season. Unveiling the Big McNugget Boot, the most flavoursome shoe of SS23. Releasing exclusively through the McDonald’s App this Monday." Pizza Hut meanwhile was already selling their April 1st product - zero-harm pizza consisting only of a crust. Domino's Pizza announced that it was launching a new pizza that was made with real cheese from cows that had been fed pizza crust. The pizza, called the "Pizza Crust-Fed Cow Pizza," was said to be available for a limited time at select Domino's locations. 

Telegraph reported that under radical climate plans secretly approved by the government, several of Britain's tallest structures, including the BT Tower, might be turned into wind turbines to assist Britain in reaching net zero.  British Telecom agreed that their tower is a good place to start because it’s basically the same shape as a wind turbine, but without the propellers. So we just need to stick some on the side of it.

Torpedo7, the ultimate all-rounder for outdoor stores in New Zealand, introduced their latest product innovation: the Inflatable Rock.

Torpedo explained that it's perfect for hikers who want to take a break and sit on something that looks and feels just like a real rock. Instead of heavy camping chairs, you can now carry a lightweight and easy to inflate item along with a pump and instruction guide, to take your outdoor experience to the next level.

Meanwhile Amtrak introduced a loud car - where all your conversations will be heard by everyone else. 

All phone calls must be on speaker, since all other passengers do want to hear the mixtape and that GRWM you're watching. Since everyone in the loud car wants to hear about other people's situationship, as a courtesy the train employees will come around for the disposing of headphones. It is not clear what will happen to those who are just quietly scrolling TikTok.

Duolingo and Peacock announced Love Language, a new reality dating show from Peacock and Duolingo where the hottest singles in the world will share a house in paradise in hopes of finding true love. The catch? None of them speak the same language. 

Game developers often celebrate April Fool's Day by releasing special in-game events, updates, or content that are meant to be humorous or absurd. 

A murder mystery visual novel game on Steam for PC and Mac is the point-and-click adventure that puts you amid the Sonic cast on a murder mystery party aboard the Mirage Express. Sonic as the victim. You, Tails, and Amy attempt to hunt down the killer among the other familiar guests. 

Niantic celebrated "April Fowl’s day" with an announced epidemic of Pidgeys. Pokémon Center replaced Pokemons with Lechonks.

Mojang Studios, the developer of Minecraft, is debuting the Vote update, which gives all the power to the hands of the players. That is, players can vote for whatever features they want in the game, and it will come to life instantly.

While many of the products and designs introduced on this day may be jokes, they can still inspire us with their ingenuity and whimsy. So, keeping an eye on April Fool's jokes and pranks can be a fun way to stay up to date with the latest trends in tech, while also potentially discovering new ideas and concepts that could shape the future of innovation.

Check past year's jokes from our previous blog posts.

April 1, 2022: April Fools' 2022 April Fools' Technology jokes can be prophetic or ominous, wishful thinking or a reflection of real concerns.

April 1, 2021: Laughter as Medicine: The pandemics is not over, but should we pause the jokes?

April 1, 2019: Technologies we wish existed. Science fiction stories and April fool jokes often describe speculative technology we wish existed in our world.

April 1, 2018: Technology Funnies and Futures. Some April Fool's jokes come true, some have the potential to be prophetic or ominous, and some products we really wish existed. 

April 1, 2016: Technology, Dreams and Jokes  As Sigmund Freud suggested, jokes often expose unconscious desires. Perhaps the technologies listed below, too, have a grain of our desires wrapped in a smile?  ...

April 1, 2016: 
IoT marches on: Key Fool's day Announcements  Technology keeps marching ahead. And the future gets smarter with the Internet of Things. Here are a few announcements made on April 1 2016 

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